Sun Unleashes Most Powerful Solar Flare Since 2017

The flare may have been accompanied by a plasma eruption now headed toward Earth

Solar Dynamics Observatory captured this view of an X2.8-class solar flare erupting on Dec. 14, 2023.

The sun just gave us a reminder of its immense might.

Our star unleashed an X-class solar flare today (Dec. 14), blasting out an immense pulse of high-energy radiation that was captured on video by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory spacecraft. (Solar physicists classify strong flares into three categories, with C being the weakest, M the middling group and X the most potent.)

The outburst, which occurred at 12:02 p.m. EST (1702 GMT), registered as an X2.8, making it the most powerful solar flare since September 2017, according to SpaceWeather.com.

Powerful flares are often accompanied by coronal mass ejections (CMEs), which send huge clouds of solar plasma rocketing into space at millions of miles per hour.

It appears that a CME was indeed associated with this flare, likely “with an Earth-directed component,” SpaceWeather wrote. “The US Air Force is reporting a Type II solar radio burst, which typically comes from the leading edge of a CME. Based on the drift rate of the radio burst, the emerging CME’s velocity could exceed 2,100 km/s (4.7 million mph).”

CMEs that hit Earth can spawn geomagnetic storms, which can disrupt power grids and other infrastructure. Such storms can also supercharge the auroras, making these celestial light shows more intense and visible over greater areas.

Earth’s atmosphere prevents solar flares’ harmful radiation from reaching the ground. But that radiation can still affect our lives — for example, by affecting the signals sent by GPS and communications satellites and causing radio blackouts.

Indeed, today’s flare “caused a deep shortwave radio blackout over the Americas,” SpaceWeather.com wrote.

We could see more solar action soon, for the sun is getting more and more active these days.

Solar activity waxes and wanes on an 11-year cycle. The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration predicts that the current Solar Cycle 25 will peak between January and October of next year.

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