Vaccine that erases immune memory may help treat multiple sclerosis

3D rendering of microglia cells (orange) damaging the myelin sheath of neurons

Juan Gaertner/Shutterstock

An experimental vaccine reduced signs of multiple sclerosis in mice by preventing their immune systems from targeting their own cells. If it works in humans, the vaccine could potentially treat multiple sclerosis and others autoimmune diseases, including type 1 diabetes and coeliac disease.

Autoimmune conditions occur when a person’s immune system mistakenly attacks their own cells. With multiple sclerosis, for example, immune cells damage the protective coating around nerves, leading to issues such as muscle spasms, brain fog …


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